layer (Total 222403 Patents Found)

A medium suitable for the optical storage and retrieval of information comprising a substrate, an active layer for retention of the data, and an overlying optical layer, or layers for double-sided. The optical layer serves to produce an evanescent field in or adjacent to the active layer in response to an incident beam...
A semiconductor device is made from a body of semiconductor material having a layer of dielectric material and a first layer of conductive material over a main face of the body, the layers each having an opening therein through which an area of the main face of the body of semiconductor material is exposed. A second la...
Write head coils for magnetic disk systems are commonly formed through electroplating onto a seed layer in the presence of a photoresist mask. It is then necessary to remove the seed layer everywhere except under the coil itself. The present invention achieves this through etching in a solution of ammonium persulfate t...
Diffusion transfer film units and processes are disclosed wherein a silver transfer image is formed in an image layer separated from the silver halide emulsion by a layer containing carbon black. Inclusion of polyvinylpyrrolidone in the carbon black layer provides increased silver transfer density....
A fixing apparatus which prevents a generation of wrinkles in a print paper and rapidly recovers a temperature of a fixing belt. The fixing belt is engaged with a fixing roller and a heat roller generating heat. A pressing roller is pressed against the fixing roller via the fixing belt so that a fixing process area is ...
A system is provided for reading an image stored on a storage layer radiation screen. The system includes a carousel for holding a storage layer radiation screen and a screen scanning system. The screen scanning system includes a carousel mount on which the carousel may be mounted and a rotation mechanism for rotating ...
Cubic or metastable cubic refractory metal carbides act as barrier layers to isolate, adhere, and passivate copper in semiconductor fabrication. One or more barrier layers of the metal carbide are deposited in conjunction with copper metallizations to form a multilayer characterized by a cubic crystal structure with a ...
The present invention provides a thin film magnetic head which is prevented from producing a great step in an upper shield layer and which can decrease the probability of a short circuit between the upper shield layer or lower shield layer and a spin-valve thin film magnetic element. The thin film magnetic head include...
A multi-layer diaper includes a porous facing layer to be positioned adjacent an infant's skin, and absorbent batt, and a water-impervious backing sheet. The facing layer is provided with areas of preferential liquid flow, surrounded by areas of increased water repellency relative to the areas of preferential liqui...
A virtual L 2 TP/VPN tunnel network as well as a system and method for automatic discovery of VPN tunnels, such as L 2 TP tunnels, and other layer- 2 services using a method such as one based on the spanning tree protocol are disclosed. The method for automatic discovery of layer- 2 services across a network of layer...
A filter useful for separating contaminants from fluids includes a fused single crystal acicular ceramic support having a discriminating layer thereon, such as a sintered, porous alpha-alumina membrane, on at least part of the support. The support is preferably composed of a non-stoichiometric acicular mullite of about...
Disclosed are a composition of chemically defined components which support in vitro and in vivo chondrogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells, a method for in vitro and in vivo chondrogenic induction of such stem cells, and a method of forming human chondrocytes in vitro and in vivo from such stem cells....
A decorative coating layer, unified with the succulent and fragile surface of a concrete board, is formed by a method comprising laminating an inorganic and hydraulic coating material on the surface of an unhardened concrete board placed in a mold, and immediately thereafter heat-curing the thus coated concrete board. ...
A chemical mechanical polish (CMP) planarizing method for forming a chemical mechanical polish (CMP) planarized microelectronic layer within a microelectronic fabrication employs first a substrate. There is then formed over the substrate a microelectronic layer. There is then planarized, while employing a chemical mech...
A color liquid crystal display device comprising a color filter having a structure including a black matrix BM formed on a transparent substrate, a colored layer FIL colored into at least three primary colors and formed by thermal dye transfer technology, a protective area for protecting against dye diffusion filling t...
Azine derivatives or their combinations with hindered phenol antioxidant in the charge transport layer containing one or more triarylamines or a combination of one triarylamine and one hydrazone improve light fatigue of a photoreceptor, which results in stabilized print quality. The robust performance against light dam...
Method of manufacturing an article of synthetic resin which has an electroless provided metal layer in which a mixture of monomeric acrylates and an N-substituted pyrrolidon compound is polymerized, the resulting article is treated with an aromic carboxylic acid substituted with one or more hydroxy groups and/or an ami...
A two-layer foam injection molding machine for molding foam moldings in which a surface member composed of a foam layer and a skin layer on the surface of the foam layer is laminated in a body on a core member made from a hard resin. The two-layer foam injection molding machine comprises, mainly, a fixed plate attached...
A projection tube includes a liquid crystal cell having liquid crystal material sandwiched between two plates. The cell is addressable by an electron beam and serves as a light valve for plane-parallel light with which the projection tube is illuminated from behind. On the side facing the liquid crystal material, the p...
A carbon-black-containing gas-consuming layer on the surface of a negative electrode is produced from a mixture of an aqueous carbon black dispersion and an aqueous PTFE dispersion, both of which contain a surfactant of the same type (either cationic, anionic or nonionic) for the purpose of stabilization. The stabilize...
A three-layer, co-extruded tube has (1) an inner polyamide layer, (2) a middle layer made from (a) a modified polylefin, (b) a broad molecular weight distribution propylene polymer material, (c) a graft copolymer made from a backbone of propylene polymer material to which is grafted a methyl methacrylate/methyl acrylat...
A motion picture intermediate film has on one side of a support material, in order, an antihalation undercoat and at least one silver halide emulsion layer; and on the opposite side of the support a transparent, process surviving antistatic backing layer. The transparent, antistatic backing layer retains its antistatic...
A method for forming vias, interconnecting selected wiring layers of an integrated circuit device, which overcomes oxide formation on the wiring metal surface which is exposed at the etched via bottom before filling the via with interconnecting metal. The method first etches the vias through the insulating layer, with ...
A non-sealable, multi-layer polypropylene film which includes on top of a polypropylene base layer at least one top layer which includes a mixture of a propylene/butylene copolymer and an ethylene/propylene/butylene terpolymer, the mixture containing ethylene in an amount of about 0.1 to 7% by weight, propylene in an a...
Disclosed is a specific adhesive polyethylene composition comprising [1] a modified ethylene/α-olefin copolymer resin or elastomer obtained by modifying a specific ethylene/α-olefin copolymer resin or elastomer, each of which comprises ethylene and an α-olefin of 3 to 20 carbon atoms, with an unsaturated carboxylic ...
An upper core layer and a lower core layer are extended from a back region to a pole tip region so that the surfaces thereof are exposed from a medium-facing surface, and a back insulating layer made of a novolak resin and having an apex surface formed by post baking is formed in the back region on a gap layer provided...
A photographic support having an undercoating layer on a resin coated base sheet, said undercoating layer comprising (a) a hydrophilic colloid, and (b) a special amphoteric surface active agent, or (a) a hydrophilic colloid, (b') a p-hydroxybenzoic acid ester and/or a special amphoteric surface active agent and (c)...
The invention is directed to a method for producing a corrosion-resistant and oxidization-resistant layer that is applied onto a component part, whereby the method can be simply and cost-beneficially implemented in fabrication-oriented terms and comprises the steps: a) producing a slip by mixing powder containing...
A bottom spin valve sensor employs a seed layer for a nickel oxide (NiO) antiferromagnetic pinning layer for the purpose of increasing magnetoresistance of the sensor (dR/R). The spin valve sensor can be a simple spin valve or an antiparallel (AP) spin valve sensor. In the preferred embodiment the seed layer is tantalu...
This invention is related to a thin film transistor (TFT) array and method of making same, for use in an active matrix liquid crystal display (AMLCD) having a high pixel aperture ratio. The TFT array and corresponding display are made by forming the TFTs and corresponding address lines on a substrate, coating the addre...
The circuit element has a first layer composed of an electrically insulating substrate material and a first electrically conductive material which is in the form of at least one discrete area such that it is embedded in the substrate material and/or is applied to the substrate material. Furthermore, it has a second lay...
A method and system for reliable multicasting on a communication network includes sending Request-to-Send (RTS) signals from a sender node of the network to the receiver nodes, the RTS signals include a set of identifiers corresponding to the receiver nodes. The Clear-to-Send (CTS) signals and Acknowledgment (ACK) sign...
A magnetic memory device includes first and second ferromagnetic layers. Each ferromagnetic layer has a magnetization that can be oriented in either of two directions. The first ferromagnetic layer has a higher coercivity than the second ferromagnetic layer. The magnetic memory device further includes a structure for f...
The present invention provides an electrical processing apparatus and method for electrically processing a display panel having an organic light-emitting layer. The method for electrically processing a display panel having an organic light-emitting layer includes dividing a light-emitting region of the display panel in...
A product having a glass layer is produced that can be produced at low cost and can exhibit excellent antibacterial function. A base body, a first glazing material capable of forming a first glass layer on a surface of the base body, and a second glazing material capable of forming a second glass layer containing a sil...
A method of fabricating a uniformly wrinkled capacitor lower electrode without the need to perform a high-temperature heat treatment and a method of fabricating a capacitor including the uniformly wrinkled capacitor lower electrode are provided. A first conductive layer is formed. Then, a second conductive layer includ...